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Top 10 Tallest Building in the World

Top 10 Tallest Building in the World
The world's tallest artificial structure is the 829.8 m (2,722 ft) tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The building gained the official title of "Tallest Building in the World" at its opening on January 4, 2010. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, an organization that certifies buildings as the "World's Tallest", recognizes a building only if at least fifty percent of its height is made up of floor plates containing habitable floor area. Structures that do not meet this criterion, such as the CN Tower, are defined as "towers". There are dozens of radio and television broadcasting towers which measure over 600 meters  in height, and only the tallest are recorded in publicly available information sources. There are a large number of tallest skyscraper out there, and here in this article we listed down the top 10 of them. Read on:

Top 10 Tallest Building in the World

1. Burj Khalifa (2,722 ft)
1. Burj Khalifa (2,722 ft)
Burj Khalifa known as Burj Dubai before its inauguration, is a mega tall skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is the tallest structure in the world, standing at 829.8 m (2,722 ft). Construction of Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed in 2009. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai. It has 154 usable floors plus 9 maintenance levels, 46 spire levels, and 2 below-ground parking levels, It's Observatory situated on 555.7 m and Top floor on 584.5 m. The foundation is designed to support the total building weight of approximately 450,000 tonnes. A high density, low permeability concrete was used in the foundations of Burj Khalifa. Burj Khalifa is highly compartmentalized. Pressurized, air-conditioned refuge floors are located approximately every 35 floors where people can shelter on their long walk down to safety in case of an emergency or fire. It is designed to be the centerpiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith, then of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, whose firm designed the Willis Tower and One World Trade Center. The construction took 22 million man-hours and Costed USD $ 1.5 billion.

2. Shanghai Tower (2,073 ft)
2. Shanghai Tower (2,073 ft)
The Shanghai Tower is a mega tall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai. Designed by Gensler and owned by a consortium of Chinese state-owned companies, it is the tallest of a group of three adjacent supertall buildings in Pudong, the other two being the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center. The building is 632 metres (2,073 ft) high and has 128 stories, with a total floor area of 380,000 m2. Its tiered construction, designed for high energy efficiency, provides multiple separate zones for office, retail and leisure use. The exterior of Shanghai Tower was completed in the summer of 2015. Construction work on the tower began in November 2008. Following its topping out on 3 August 2013, the Shanghai Tower is currently the tallest building in China and the second-tallest in the world, surpassed only by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. It is also China's tallest structure of any kind, surpassing the 600-metre (1,969 ft) Canton Tower in Guangzhou completed in 2010.

3. Abraj Al Bait (1,972 feet)
3. Abraj Al Bait (1,972 feet)
The Abraj Al-Bait Towers, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, is a government-owned mega tall building complex in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These towers are a part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project that strives to modernize the city in catering to its pilgrims. The central hotel building has the world's largest clock face and is the third tallest building and fourth tallest freestanding structure in the world. The building complex is metres away from the world's largest mosque and Islam's most sacred site, the Masjid al-Haram. The developer and contractor of the complex is the Saudi Binladin Group, the Kingdom's largest construction company. The complex was built after the demolition of the Ajyad Fortress, the 18th-century Ottoman citadel which stood atop a hill overlooking the Grand Mosque. The destruction of the fort in 2002 by the Saudi government sparked Turkish and international outcry. The tallest tower in the complex is the tallest building in Saudi Arabia, with a height of 601 metres (1,972 feet). Currently it is the fourth tallest freestanding structure in the world, surpassing Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, but shorter than the Shanghai Tower in Shanghai, China, the Tokyo Sky Tree in Tokyo, Japan and the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

4. Ping An Finance Centre (1,965 ft)
4. Ping An Finance Centre (1,965 ft)
Ping An International Finance Centre (also known as the Ping An IFC) is a 115-story mega tall skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It is expected to be completed in 2016, thus becoming the 4th tallest building in the world. The building is located within the Central Business District of Shenzhen in Futian. Its lot of a size of 18,931 square metres was purchased by Ping An Group via auction at a price of 1.6568 billion RMB on November 6, 2007. Its foundation stone was laid on August 29, 2009 and construction started in November the same year. Upon completion, the building will contain office, hotel and retail spaces, featuring a conference center and a high-end shopping mall. The two uppermost stories will feature an observation deck. As its name suggests, it will also become the headquarters of Ping An Insurance. The building will have a total gross floor area of 378,600 square meters plus a basement area of 90,000 square meters.It's height 599 m /1,965 ft.

5. Goldin Finance 117 (1,959 ft)
5. Goldin Finance 117 (1,959 ft)
Goldin Finance 117, also known as China 117 Tower, is a skyscraper under construction in Tianjin, China. The tower is expected to be 597 m (1,959 ft) with 117 storeys. Construction began in 2008, and the building was scheduled to be completed in 2014, becoming the second tallest building in China, surpassing the Shanghai World Financial Center. In late January 2010 it was announced that construction had been suspended. Construction resumed in 2011, with completion estimated in 2017-18.

6. Lotte World Tower (1,821 ft)
6. Lotte World Tower (1,821 ft)
Lotte World Tower is a 123-floor, 555-metre (1,821 ft) super tall skyscraper and has finished external construction on March 17, 2016. The building's final 123rd floor was topped out on 22 December 2015. It is currently the tallest building in the OECD.  The tower is located next to the existing first-generation Lotte World complex, which opened in 1989, accessible via Seoul Subway Line 2 and Seoul Subway Line 8 at Jamsil Station. After 13 years of planning and site preparation, the tower gained final approval to start construction by the government in November 2010 and the first groundbreaking activities of piling and frame assembly was observed at the construction site in March 2011.

7. One World Trade Center (1,776 feet)
7. One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. It is the tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere, and the fourth-tallest in the world. The super tall structure has the same name as the North Tower of the original World Trade Center, which was completely destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Building's architect was David Childs, whose firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) also designed the Burj Khalifa and the Willis Tower. The construction of below-ground utility relocations, footings, and foundations for the new building began on April 27, 2006. One World Trade Center became the tallest structure in New York City on April 30, 2012, when it surpassed the height of the Empire State Building. The tower's steel structure was topped out on August 30, 2012. On May 10, 2013, the final component of the skyscraper's spire was installed, making the building, including its spire, reach a total height of 1,776 feet (541 m). Its height in feet is a deliberate reference to the year when the United States Declaration of Independence was signed. The building opened on November 3, 2014.

8. CTF Finance Centre (1,740 feet)
8. CTF Finance Centre (1,740 feet)
CTF Finance Centre formerly The CTF Guangzhou, Chow Tai Fook Centre is a super tall skyscraper in Guangzhou, China. It is the second of two Guangzhou Twin Towers skyscrapers built that overlook the Pearl River in Guangzhou. It was completed in 2016 with a height of 530 metres (1,740 feet) and 111 floors. The building is used as a conference centre, hotel, observatory, mall and office building. Rosewood Hotels & Resorts run the tower's hotel component, which consists of 251 guest rooms and 355 residences occupying the top 16 floors and podium of the tower.

9. Taipei 101
9. Taipei 101
Taipei 101, formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center – is a landmark super tall skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. The building was officially classified as the world's tallest in 2004, and remained such until the completion of Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2009. In 2011, the building was awarded the LEED platinum certification, the highest award according to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design rating system, and became the tallest and largest green building in the world. Construction on the 101-story tower started in 1999 and finished in 2004. The tower has served as an icon of modern Taiwan ever since its opening. The building was architecturally created as a symbol of the evolution of technology and Asian tradition. Its postmodernist approach to style incorporates traditional design elements and gives them modern treatments. The tower is designed to withstand typhoons and earthquakes. A multi-level shopping mall adjoining the tower houses hundreds of stores, restaurants and clubs. Fireworks launched from Taipei 101 feature prominently in international New Year's Eve broadcasts and the structure appears frequently in travel literature and international media.

10. Shanghai World Financial Center (1,614.2 ft)
10. Shanghai World Financial Center (1,614.2 ft)
The Shanghai World Financial Center is a super tall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai, China. It was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by the Mori Building Company. It is a mixed-use skyscraper, consisting of offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and ground-floor shopping malls. Park Hyatt Shanghai is the tower's hotel component, comprising 174 rooms and suites occupying the 79th to the 93rd floors, and constituting the second-highest hotel in the world after the Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong, which occupies floors 102 to 118 of the International Commerce Centre. On 14 September 2007, the skyscraper was topped out and is 492 meters (1,614.2 ft), making it the 8th tallest building in the world and the fourth tallest structure in Mainland China. The SWFC opened to the public on 28 August 2008, with its observation deck opening on 30 August. The observation deck offers views from 474 m (1,555 ft) above ground level. The SWFC has been lauded for its design, and in 2008 it was named by architects as the year's best completed skyscraper.

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